Regulations on environmental reporting in Vietnam

by Hà Ngọc

Vietnam law has regulations on environmental reporting. Let’s find out this issue with Lawyer X through the following situation: “Dear Lawyer! I want to ask what are environmental statistical indicators in Vietnam? What are regulations on reporting of environmental protection? Thanks for answering me!”

  • Vietnam law on environmental protection

Regulations on Environmental statistical indicators

– Environmental statistical indicators are part of the Vietnam’s statistical indicator system aiming to measure and assess environmental protection activities for sustainable development in the future and in line with the UN’s sustainable development indicator system.

– Environmental statistical indicators include national environmental indicators and environmental statistical indicators of the natural resource and environment sector and are compiled in compliance with regulations of this Law and law on statistics.

– Ministries, ministerial agencies and provincial People’s Committees shall organize production of statistics on environmental indicators in the fields, sectors and areas under their management; submit annual reports on environmental statistical indicators to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.

– The Minister of Natural Resources and Environment shall produce, provide guidance on and organize the production of environmental statistics; promulgate a set of statistical indicators of the natural resource and environment sector.

Regulations on environmental reporting in Vietnam
Regulations on environmental reporting in Vietnam

Regulations on Reporting of environmental protection

– On an annual basis, the environmental protection carried out in the previous year shall be reported as follows:

+ The district-level People’s Committee shall submit a report to the district-level People’s Council and provincial People’s Committee before January 31;

+ The industrial park, export-processing zone, hi-tech zone or economic zone management board shall submit a report to the provincial People’s Committee before January 31;

+ The provincial People’s Committee shall submit a report to the People’s Council of the province and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment before February 15;

+ The Ministry or ministerial agency shall submit a report on performance of its environmental protection tasks to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment before February 15;

+ The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment shall prepare a report on environmental protection nationwide and submit it to the Government for reporting to the National Assembly at its first session of the year.

– Main contents of an environmental protection report:

+ State of soil, water and air and changes in soil, water and air quality; natural heritage site and biodiversity;

+ General socio-economic context and impacts on the environment;

+ Results of performance of environmental protection activities including control of pollution sources; solid and hazardous waste management; management of soil, water and air quality; pollution remediation, environmental quality improvement; environmental emergency prevention and response; environmental protection of natural heritage sites and biodiversity;

+ Environmental monitoring and warning system;

+ Formulation of policies and law, handling of administrative procedures, supervision, inspection and handling of violations against the law, handling of complaints and denunciations about the environment;

+ Conditions and resources for environmental protection;

+ Results of compilation of environmental statistical indicators;

+ General assessment;

+ Orientations, tasks and solutions for environmental protection in the coming time.

– The environmental protection reporting period begins from January 01 to December 31 inclusive of the reporting year.

– The environmental protection report shall be submitted physically or electronically as prescribed by law.

– The Minister of Natural Resources and Environment shall provide guidance on preparation of environmental protection reports; provide guidance on and organize the assessment of environmental protection by Ministries, ministerial agencies and provincial People’s Committees.

Reporting of environmental protection during production, business operation and service provision

– Every investment project/business owner shall prepare and submit an environmental protection report to the competent authority as prescribed by law.

– Environmental protection reports include:

+ Annual environmental protection reports. The reporting period begins from January 01 to December 31 inclusive of the reporting year;

+ Ad hoc environmental protection reports requested by the competent authority.

– Main contents of a periodic environmental protection report include:

+ Results of operation of works and implementation of environmental protection measures for waste;

+ Results of implementation of remedial measures required by the inspecting authority and competent authority (if any);

+ Results of periodic, automatic and continuous monitoring;

+ Management of solid waste and hazardous solid waste;

+ Management of imported scrap (if any);

+ Provision of environmental monitoring services (if any);

+ Other environmental protection results, activities and measures.

– The environmental protection report shall be submitted physically or electronically as prescribed by law.

– The Minister of Natural Resources and Environment shall elaborate contents, forms, methods and time for sending reports on environmental protection during production, business operation and service provision.

Regulations on State of the environment reports

– State of the environment reports include general reports on state of the environment and thematic reports on state of the environment.

– Responsibility for preparing state of the environment reports:

+ The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment shall prepare a general report on national state of the environment every 05 years to serve the assessment of results of implementation of the socio-economic development plan; prepare an annual thematic report on national state of the environment;

+ Provincial People’s Committees shall prepare a general report on local state of the environment every 05 years; prepare an annual thematic report on state of the environment under the guidance of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment; according to the pressing local environmental issues, the provincial People’s Committees may decide to prepare a thematic report on state of the environment within provinces.

– Main contents of a state of the environment report include:

+ Overview of nature, economy and society;

+ Environmental impacts;

+ State of the environment and environmental quality changes;

+ Pressing environmental issues and causes thereof;

+ Impacts of the environment on economy and society;

+ Results of implementation of policies, law and environmental protection activities; international cooperation in environmental protection;

+ Predicted environmental challenges;

+ Directions and solutions for environmental protection.

– Method for state of the environment reporting:

+ The general report on national state of the environment shall be submitted to the National Assembly at the session prior to the final session of the last year of the tenure;

+ The thematic report on national state of the environment shall be published on the website of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment prior to the National Assembly’s first session of the next year; the thematic report on local state of the environment shall be published on the website of the provincial People’s Committee prior to the regular session of the provincial People’s Council of the next year.

– The Minister of Natural Resources and Environment shall provide guidelines for preparation of state of the environment reports; provide guidelines for state of the environment reporting and preparation of state of the environment reports by other Ministries, ministerial agencies and provincial People’s Committees.

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Frequently asked questions

When does the environmental protection reporting period begin?

The environmental protection reporting period begins from January 01 to December 31 inclusive of the reporting year.

Who shall provide guidance on preparation of environmental protection reports?

The Minister of Natural Resources and Environment shall provide guidance on preparation of environmental protection reports; provide guidance on and organize the assessment of environmental protection by Ministries, ministerial agencies and provincial People’s Committees.

What do State of the environment reports include?

 State of the environment reports include general reports on state of the environment and thematic reports on state of the environment.

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