Hello Lawyer X, my house is near the industrial zone, there are many workers with small children living. Grasping the above situation, I want to open a kindergarten that both teaches children and allows parents to send their children in. So, to build a school, what is the current standards of facilities for kindergartens in Vietnam? Please advise.
Hello friends, on May 26, 2020, the Ministry of Education and Training issued Circular No. 13/2020/TT-BGDDT on Regulations on standards of facilities for kindergartens in Vietnam. So what are the current regulations on the standards of preschool facilities in Vietnam today? Let’s find out with Lawyer X.
Circular No. 13/2020/TT-BGDĐT
What is preschool?
Kindergarten: means a preschool educational institution that accepts children from three to six years old.
Preschool: is a facility that combines a nursery and a kindergarten, accepting children from three months old to six years old.
National standard kindergartens and preschools are establishments that achieve standards according to current regulations.
- National standard level 1 school: A school that meets the necessary standards of a national standard preschool to ensure the organization of comprehensive quality child care and education activities in line with the educational objectives. preschool education.
- National standard level 2: A school that meets the necessary standards of a national standard preschool to ensure the organization of comprehensive quality child care and education activities at a higher level. level 1, creating conditions to access the development level of preschools in advanced countries in the region and in the world.
Public: established by the State, investing in building material foundations, ensuring funding for recurrent expenditure tasks.
People-founded: established by the residential community at the grassroots, investing in building facilities and ensuring operating funds and supported by local authorities.
Private: established by social organizations, socio-professional organizations, economic organizations or individuals, investing in the construction of facilities and ensuring operating expenses with capital sources outside the state budget. country.
Kindergarten’s physical conditions
Pursuant to Article 5 of Circular No. 13/2020/TT-BGDDT stipulating the location, scale and area as follows:
To request the location of the school, the school site in accordance with the local educational development planning. The surrounding environment is safe for children, officers, teachers and employees. There are convenient transport connections for transporting children. Meet the requirements of fire and explosion prevention and control.
Kindergarten has a minimum size of 09 groups and classes and a maximum of 20 groups and classes. For schools in disadvantaged communes, there must be at least 05 groups and classes.
Area of land for construction of schools and schools:
Determined on the basis of the number of groups, classes, and children with an average of at least 12 square meters per child. For mountainous urban areas, the central areas of urban centers have limited land fund. A minimum of 10m2 is allowed per child.
Norm of floor area for construction of work items:
Administration department. Blocks: room for nurturing, caring for and educating children, room for organizing meals, auxiliary facilities are implemented according to regulations.
The work items directly serve the activities of caring, nurturing and educating children. No more than 03 floors high, ensuring conditions for children with disabilities to access and use.
Minimum standards of preschool facilities
The minimum facilities standards of preschools are specified in Article 6 of Circular 13/2020/TT-BGDĐT. This is also the basis for localities and schools to determine the level of standardization of facilities. To recognize education quality accreditation standards and national accreditation. At the same time, to serve the planning of the network of educational institutions.
Standard of facilities in the administrative division of the kindergarten administration
a) Rector’s Office: Having a working room and full office machinery and equipment according to current regulations.
b) Vice Rector’s Office: Fully equipped with office machinery and equipment according to current regulations.
c) School office: Ensure that there is 1 room, fully equipped with office machinery and equipment according to current regulations.
d) Room for staff: 1 room is guaranteed; have lockers for personal belongings;
e) Security room: 1 room is guaranteed; located near the school’s entrance and exit, with a convenient observation position;
f) Toilets for teachers, officials and employees: arranged in blocks of functional rooms, separate male and female restrooms. In case the separate toilet area should be placed in a convenient location for use, it does not affect the environment;
g) Parking area for teachers, officials and employees: Covered with enough space for teachers, officials and employees of the school.
Standard of facilities block of nursery, child care and education rooms.
Room for nurturing, caring and educating children:
Make sure each group or class has a room, including functional areas: Common area to organize learning, playing and eating activities. The sleeping place for groups, kindergartens can be used together with the common living area.
Toilet area: Built with a self-contained room for nurturing, caring and educating children. There is a 1.20m high partition between the urinal and the toilet. Children’s hand washing area is arranged separately with the standard of 08 children/sink, sanitary equipment is installed in accordance with age. For preschool children, it is necessary to arrange separate toilets for boys and girls. Where toilets are built separately. The child rearing, care and education room must be contacted by a traffic corridor, which is convenient for use and easy to observe.
Playground, picking up children: convenient for bringing, picking up and children’s activities when it’s raining or sunny. Around the playground, there should be railings with a height of not less than 1.0m.
Physical education and art room:
Contact the child rearing, care and education department by the traffic corridor. For schools with a size of up to 14 groups and classes, there must be at least one room for physical and art education (multi-purpose room). For schools with a size of more than 14 groups, the class must have at least 01 art education room and 01 physical education room. The school site has a size of 05 groups, classes or more, arranged at least 01 multi-purpose room.
Private playground: Install outdoor equipment and toys according to regulations.
Standard of facilities for the kindergarten’s dining room block (applicable to schools that organize cooking)
Kitchen: Independent from other functional room blocks. including preliminary processing area, processing area, cooking area, food distribution area. Designed and organized in a one-way chain of operations.
Kitchen warehouse: Separate food storage and food storage. There is a convenient, independent way of importing and exporting goods and dividing areas for each type of food. Food preservation equipment is available.
Standards of facilities in auxiliary blocks of preschools
a) Meeting room: 1 room is guaranteed. Used as a common place for teachers to live and work outside of class time. Fully equipped with equipment according to current regulations.
b) Health room: Ensure there is 01 room; Convenient location for first aid and first aid work. There is a medicine cabinet with essential medicines, first aid tools, and hospital beds.
c) Warehouse: Ensure to have 01 room; for general tools and school supplies.
d) Garden: Including a common playground and gardens and lawns. Used to organize stadium games and outdoor stages. The yard is flat, non-slippery, bumpy, with green trees to create shade in the school yard;
e) Gate, fence: The campus of the school, the school site must be separated from the outside by a protective fence (built wall or green fence). Guaranteed firmness and safety; The school gate, the school site must be solid and solid to attach the gate and the school name plate.
Standards of technical infrastructure facilities of preschools
a) Clean water supply system: meeting the demand for use, ensuring the regulations and standards of water quality according to current regulations. Drainage system, collection sewer combined with covered trench and wastewater treatment system. Ensure the quality of wastewater according to regulations before being discharged into the environment.
b) Power supply system: ensuring sufficient capacity and safety to serve the school’s activities;
c) Fire prevention and fighting system: ensuring compliance with current regulations;
d) Information and communication technology infrastructure: telephone, internet connection to serve the school’s activities;
e) Garbage collection area: arranged independently, away from function room blocks, at the end of the wind direction. There is a separate entrance, convenient for garbage collection and transportation. Has its own drainage system, does not affect the environment.
The work items specified in the Clauses are built solidly or semi-permanently. Rate of solid works is not less than 40%.
Teaching equipment is provided in accordance with regulations of the Ministry of Education and Training
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Frequently asked questions
Facilities are one of the basic factors that push teachers to implement the curriculum at the preschool level. This is a necessary and sufficient factor prescribed by law when building a preschool. And also one of the factors that are considered to be quite important to ensure the quality of teaching for teachers at the preschool level.
The facilities equipped for the preschool must meet the teaching and living needs of the children at the school. Create the most favorable environment for children to learn and develop themselves.
Building infrastructure for preschools needs to ensure a space for playing and learning. At the same time, ensure a clean and airy environment and do not contain elements that are harmful to the baby’s health.
The equipment and toys chosen by the baby must have a clear origin and do not contain substances harmful to the baby. At the same time, the selection of equipment as well as toys must be appropriate for the teaching age. And prioritize the selection of teaching equipment as well as toys that can be towards the comprehensive education of children.
The system of facilities and infrastructure of the preschool must comply with the provisions of law. Ensure quality and quantity are suitable for students attending the school. Helping all students have access to advanced infrastructure to better serve their teaching needs.