Waste management and control of other pollutants in Vietnam

by Hà Ngọc

Vietnam has regulations on waste management. and control of other pollutants Let’s find out this issue with lawyer X through the following situation: “Dear Lawyer! I want to ask: “ What are waste management requirements in Vietnam? What are regulations on environmental auditing? Thanks for answering my questions!”

  • Vietnam law on Environmental protections

Regulations on Waste management requirements

– General requirements for management of domestic solid waste, hazardous waste and normal industrial solid waste are as follows:

+ Waste must be managed during its generation, reduction, classification, collection, storage, transfer, transport, reuse, recycling, treatment and disposal;

+ Hazardous waste and normal industrial solid waste source owners shall reuse, recycle, treat and recover energy from such waste or transfer them to licensed facilities having appropriate environmental license;

+ Controlled industrial waste source owner shall identify whether waste is hazardous waste or normal industrial solid waste through the sample collection and analysis carried out by competent facilities in accordance with regulations of law. After the identification, industrial waste must be managed as prescribed by law;

+ Waste that satisfies standards and technical regulations applicable to raw materials, fuels and materials in accordance with regulations of law on quality of products and goods must be managed as the products and goods and is permitted to be used as raw materials, fuels and materials in production activities;

+ Entities that transport domestic solid waste, hazardous waste and normal industrial solid waste subject to treatment shall transport waste to licensed facilities having appropriate environmental licenses or transfer them to other transporters to be transported to licensed facilities having an appropriate environmental license;

+ The management of radioactive waste shall comply with regulations of law atomic energy.

– General requirements for waste management are as follows:

+ Wastewater must be collected and treated according to technical regulations on environment before being discharged into the receiving bodies;

+ It is advisable to reuse wastewater that satisfies environmental protection requirements and serves intended purposes;

+ Wastewater whose environmental parameters exceed the permissible levels must be managed in accordance with hazardous waste management;

+ The discharge of treated wastewater into the environment must be managed in accordance with regulations of law on environmental protection and relevant to the carrying capacity of receiving water bodies;

– Exhaust gases must be collected and treated in accordance with environmental protection requirements;

– Every entity that generates waste shall adopt resource- and energy-efficient solutions; use environmentally-friendly raw materials, fuels and materials and renewable energy; apply cleaner production technologies and programs, control environment and other measures to minimize waste generation; update information to the national environmental database upon transfer of hazardous waste and normal industrial solid waste subject to treatment to facilities having an appropriate environmental license.

– The State shall introduce a policy to encourage private sector involvement in collection, transport, reuse, recycling and treatment of waste and recovery of energy from the treatment of waste; apply advanced and environmentally-friendly technologies for waste management and best available techniques in order to minimize and control the generation of secondary waste, minimize solid waste ending up buried; encourage the co-processing of waste and use of waste as substitute materials, fuels and materials.

– The Minister of Natural Resources and Environment shall promulgate a list of hazardous waste, controlled industrial waste and normal industrial solid waste; technical requirements for environmental protection for vehicles transporting domestic solid waste, normal industrial solid waste and hazardous waste.

– Provincial People’s Committees shall manage waste within their provinces; promulgate waste management regulations and implement policies to provide incentives and assistance for waste management as prescribed by law.

– The Government shall elaborate the prevention, reduction, classification, collection, transport, reuse, recycling and treatment of waste.

Waste management and control of other pollutants in Vietnam
Waste management and control of other pollutants in Vietnam

Reduction, reuse, recycling and treatment of plastic waste, prevention and control of ocean plastic waste pollution

– Entities shall reduce, classify and dispose of waste that is single-use plastic products and non-biodegradable plastic packaging according to regulations; not discharge plastic waste directly into the systems for drainage of water to rivers, ponds, lakes, channels and oceans.

– Plastic waste generated from marine tourism and services, maritime economy, extraction of oil and gas and marine mineral resources, aquaculture and commercial fishing must be collected, stored and transferred to facilities licensed for recycling and treatment.

– Environmentally-friendly products, single-use plastic alternatives and non-biodegradable plastic packaging alternatives that have been certified are entitled to incentives and assistance as prescribed by law.

– Plastic waste must be collected and classified for reuse, recycling or treatment purpose as prescribed by law. Unrecyclable plastic waste must be transferred to licensed facilities for treatment as prescribed. Plastic waste generated from economic activities at sea must be collected for reuse, recycling or treatment and must not be discharged into the sea.

– The State shall encourage the reuse and recycling of plastic waste in service of production of goods and building materials and construction of traffic works; encourage the research and development of systems for collecting and treating plastic waste floating at sea and in the ocean; introduce policies to promote reuse and recycling of plastic waste.

– Provincial People’s Committees shall organize the collection and treatment of plastic waste within their provinces; encourage the reduction of non-biodegradable plastic packaging and single-use plastic products; disseminate information about harmful effects of dumping of fishing gear into the sea and plastic waste on the ecosystem.

– The Government shall introduce a roadmap for reducing production and import of single-use plastic products, non-biodegradable plastic packaging and products and goods containing microplastics.

Regulations on Environmental auditing

– Environmental auditing means the systematic, comprehensive and effective consideration and assessment of environmental management and pollution control by businesses.

– The environmental auditing shall focus on:

+ The use of energy, chemicals, raw materials and scrap imported from foreign countries as production materials;

+ Pollution control and waste management.

– Businesses are encouraged to carry out environmental auditing themselves.

– The Minister of Natural Resources and Environment shall provide technical guidance on environmental self-auditing by businesses.

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Frequently asked questions

Must waste be managed during its generation, reduction, classification, collection, storage?

Waste must be managed during its generation, reduction, classification, collection, storage, transfer, transport, reuse, recycling, treatment and disposal;

Shall hazardous waste and normal industrial solid waste source owners reuse recycle, treat and recover energy?

Hazardous waste and normal industrial solid waste source owners shall reuse, recycle, treat and recover energy from such waste or transfer them to licensed facilities having appropriate environmental license;

What does environmental auditing mean?

Environmental auditing means the systematic, comprehensive and effective consideration and assessment of environmental management and pollution control by businesses.

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