Today, LSX Lawfirm will give you an article about: “Enterprises’ names infringing upon industrial property rights in Vietnam”, as follows:
Law on enterprises 2020
Decree No. 01/2021/ND-CP
Registration of enterprise’s name in Vietnam
Firstly, the enterprise or its founder shall not use a name already used by another enterprise or easily confused with another enterprise’s name already registered on the National Enterprise Registration Database; except for the names of enterprises dissolved or declared bankrupt by the Court.
Secondly, Business Registration Offices are entitled to accept or reject the names selected by enterprises as prescribed by law. In order to avoid the use of used or confusing names or commission of violations against regulations on naming of enterprises; the Business Registration Office’s decision will be final. If disagreeing with the decision given by the Business Registration Office; the enterprise may file a lawsuit in accordance with regulations of the Law on administrative procedures.
Thirdly, Enterprises that are operating under their investment licenses or investment certificates; (also business registration certificates); or another document of equivalent validity issued before July 01, 2015 and whose name are the same as; or confused with other enterprises’ names registered on the National Enterprise Registration Database may continue using their registered name and are not required to change such names.
Finally, Enterprises whose names coincide or are confused with each other are recommended to negotiate about changing their names.
Actions against enterprises’ names infringing upon industrial property rights in Vietnam
Firstly about Enterprises’ names infringing upon industrial property rights in Vietnam
It is prohibited to use a protected trade name, brand name; or geographical indication of an entity as part of an enterprise’s proper name; unless it is accepted by the owner of such protected trade name or brand name.
Before registering a name; the enterprise or its founder may check the database of industrial property authorities for registered brand names and geographical indications.
You can also refer to the article related to Tasks and powers of Vietnam’district-level business registration authorities, Tasks and powers of Business Registration Offices to know more about information about enterprise registration and State management of enterprise registration and register of enterprise’s name in Vietnam.
Secondly about Enterprises’ names infringing upon industrial property rights in Vietnam
Regulations of the Law on intellectual property are the basis for identification of enterprises’ names that infringe upon industrial property rights.
Enterprises shall assume legal responsibility if their names infringe upon industrial property rights. Every enterprise whose name infringes upon industrial property rights must follow procedures for change of its name.
Thirdly about Enterprises’ names infringing upon industrial property rights in Vietnam
Every holder of industrial property rights entitled to send a written request to the relevant Business Registration Office to request the enterprise; whose name infringes upon industrial property rights to change its name. Such written request must be accompanied with the following documents:
a) The conclusion given by a competent authority that the enterprise’s name infringes upon industrial property rights;
b) The certificate of registration of brand name or geographical indication; an extract from the national register of protected brand names and geographical indications issued by an industrial property authority; the certificate of registration of international brand name protected in Vietnam issued by an industrial property authority; the contract for use of an object of industrial property in case the requester is the transferee of rights to use such object of industrial property.
Within 10 working days from the receipt of adequate documents, the relevant Business Registration Office shall request the enterprise whose name infringes upon industrial property rights to change its name within 02 months from the date of request. The request sent to the enterprise accompanied with the documents mentioned as above.
In addition, if such enterprise fails to change its name as requested by the aforementioned deadline; the Business Registration Office shall notify a competent authority for taking actions in accordance with regulations of the Law on intellectual property.
In case the notified authority issues a decision to impose an administrative penalty; which requests the enterprise to change its name or remove infringing elements from its name; if the enterprise still fails to comply with such request by the prescribed deadline, the Business Registration Office shall request the enterprise to provide explanations.
If the enterprise fails to provide explanations, the Business Registration Office shall revoke the enterprise registration certificate.
The Business Registration Office shall notify results of actions against the enterprise’s name infringing upon industrial property rights to the holder of industrial property rights .
The Ministry of Planning and Investment shall cooperate with the Ministry of Science and Technology to elaborate.
Industrial property rights mean the rights of organizations and individuals to inventions, industrial designs, layout designs of semiconductor integrated circuits, trademarks, trade names, geographical indications, and business secrets of created or owned and the right to combat unfair competition.
The above provisions show that unlike copyright, the objects of industrial property rights are directly related to production, business and commercial activities and these objects can be divided into two basic groups. :
Creative objects in the industrial field such as inventions, designs, and layout designs of semiconductor integrated circuits, etc.
Objects that are distinctive signs in trade, such as trademarks, trade names, geographical indications, trade secrets, etc.
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