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The construction law 2014
Standards and technical regulations in construction investment in Vietnam
Firstly, construction investment activities must comply with national technical regulations
Secondly, standards shall be applied in construction investment activities on the principle of voluntariness, excluding standards referred in technical regulations or other relevant legal documents.
Thirdly, standards applicable to works shall be considered and approved by investment deciders when deciding the investment.
In addition, the application of standards must satisfy the following requirements:
a/ Meeting the requirements of national technical regulations and relevant laws;
b/ Ensuring synchronism and feasibility of the applied standard system.
Then, the application of technical solutions, technologies and new materials in construction investment activities must satisfy national technical regulations and relevant laws.
Finally, the Ministry of Construction and specialized construction work-managing ministries shall formulate standards and national technical regulations applicable to specialized construction works in accordance with the law on standards and technical regulations.
Types and grades of construction works in Vietnam
Types of construction works that structural characteristics and functions of construction works determined.
Accordingly, products that make up of human labor, construction materials, equipment installed in the works, linked and positioned with the ground, which may include the underground part, the above ground part, the lower part. water surface, the part above the water, built according to the design.
Currently, construction works divided into different categories based on their use and classification of construction works, standards applied to each type of work.
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Grades of construction works determined for each type of construction works, including:
a) Firstly, Grades of construction works serving the management of construction investment activities as prescribed by this Law determine based on their sizes, importance and technical specifications, including special grade, grade I, grade II, grade III and grade IV, except for the case specified in Point b of this Clause.
b) Secondly, Grades of construction works serving the construction design are provided for in standards and technical regulations. Grades of construction works serving other management tasks shall be determined in accordance with relevant laws.
Construction of a work means?
So, construction of a work means the construction of, and installation of equipment for; a newly built, repaired; renovated, relocated, embellished or restored work; dismantlement of a work; warranty and maintenance of a construction work.
Basic design means?
So, Basic design means a design made in the construction investment feasibility study report; based on the selected design plan; demonstrating the principal technical parameters suitable to applied standards and technical regulations; which serves as a basis for proceeding with subsequent designing steps. So, it related to basic principles of construction investment activities in Vietnam. It related to types and grades of construction works in Vietnam.
Equipment installed in a work includes?
Equipment installed in a work includes work equipment and technological equipment. Work equipment means equipment installed in a construction work according to its construction design. Technological equipment means equipment included in the technological chain installed in a work according to its technological design.
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According to current regulations; investors can choose the following types of businesses:
Firstly; One-member limited liability company;
Secondly; Limited liability companies with two or more members;
Thirdly; Joint stock company; Partnerships, etc.
Finally; each type of business has its own advantages and disadvantages. Investors need to choose the appropriate type; based on the purpose and scale of investment.